observers had a good agreement about the behavior of the children. 578 of aggressive behavior is clearly confirmed (see Table 2). Animation created by Wes Venables, stage 2: Aggression Arousal, all the children (including the control group) were subjected to 'mild aggression arousal.' Each child was (separately) taken to a room with relatively attractive toys. Green, york University, Toronto, Ontario (Return. Child Develpm., 1959, 30, 69-80. In a study of learning by imitation, Rosenblith (1959) has likewise found male experimenters more effective than females in influencing childrens' sic behavior. Imitation was found to be differentially influenced by the sex of the model with boys showing more aggression than girls following exposure to the male model, the difference being particularly marked on highly masculine-typed behavior. For the experiment, each child was exposed to the scenario individually, so as not to be influenced or distracted by classmates.
"Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life" (PDF). It seemed reasonable to expect that the subjects' level of aggressiveness would be positively related to the readiness with which they imitated aggressive modes of behavior.
This is something often encountered in society, where bullying at school, by boys, is more often of a physical nature; intimidation amongst girls tends to be more verbal and social. Bandura, (1962) Social Learning through Imitation, Lincoln, NE, USA:University of Nebraska Press. Imitative learning can be clearly demonstrated if a model performs sufficiently novel patterns of responses which are unlikely to occur independently of the observation of the behavior of a model and if a subject reproduces these behaviors in substantially identical form. Can Violent Video Games Be a Force for Good?" (PDF). This is known as vicarious reinforcement. Bandura,., walters,. Relat 1951, 4, 115-142. In modern society, children observe and learn from the media, even when fictional.
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